[A method for isolated culture of bone microvascular endothelial cells of human femoral head]

Yu-feng Lu, Qing-sheng Yu, Wan-shou Guo, Li-ming Cheng, Yun Zhang
Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology 2014, 27 (10): 843-7

OBJCETIVE: To investigate the method of separation of culture of bone microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) of human femoral head in vitro.

METHODS: From October 2013 to January 2014,15 femoral heads without pathologic change from patients resected during hip replacement were selected involving 2 males and 13 females with a mean age of 71.2 years old ranging from 38 to 92. Cancellous bone in femoral head was bited into broken bone grain and transfered into medium in aseptic contidion. Cells were isolated by the methods of enzymic digestion and density gradient centrifugation,purified by differiential attachment. The characteristics of cells was observed by inverted microscope. vWF and CD31 immunofluorescence analysis was applied for identification of cells.

RESULTS: The number of cells was positively correlated with patients' age after 24 hours in primary culture. The older patients had the less cells numbered. After 4 to 5 days' culture, primary cells appeared short spindle,polygon shaped and cobblestone-like morphology. After 7 to 10 days' culture, primary cells proliferated densely, became fusion, arranged in swirl, and contact inhibition appeared significantly. Immunofluorescence staining revealed the cells were 100% positive for vWF and CD31, and it showed that the cultured cells were BMECs.

CONCLUSION: It was a simple, steady, effective method with good reproducibility, by which highly purified human BMECs can be obtained.

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