JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Electronic Cigarettes—A Narrative Review for Clinicians

Menfil A Orellana-Barrios, Drew Payne, Zachary Mulkey, Kenneth Nugent
American Journal of Medicine 2015, 128 (7): 674-81
25731134
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) were introduced into the US market in 2007 and have quickly become a popular source of nicotine for many patients. They are designed to simulate smoking by heating a nicotine-containing solution producing an aerosol that the user inhales. The short- and long-term effects of e-cigarette use are still unclear, but their use is increasing. Some acute effects of e-cigarettes on heart rate, blood pressure, and airway resistance are reported. Although there are some reports of improved cessation in a subset of users, there are also studies reporting decreased cessation in dual users of regular and e-cigarettes. Additionally, there is no current regulation of these devices, and this allows virtually anyone with a form of online payment to obtain them.

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