Assessment of long-term remission in lupus nephritis patients: a retrospective analysis over 30 years

Marisa Fernandes das Neves, Rajendra Vara Prasad Irlapati, David Isenberg
Rheumatology 2015, 54 (8): 1403-7

OBJECTIVE: To review the likelihood of very long-term remission in patients with biopsy-proven LN attempting to identify good prognostic features.

METHODS: We reviewed patients with LN whose renal biopsies showed World Health Organization (WHO) classes III, IV and V and who had a follow-up of at least 5 years between 1973 and 2008. We analysed demographic, clinical, laboratory and therapeutic parameters comparing those patients with (group A) and without (group B) 5 year remission.

RESULTS: Of 191 LN patients followed, 105 patients met the strict inclusion criteria. Ninety-five patients were female. Mean age at diagnosis of lupus was 24.1 years (s.d. 10.7). ean age at diagnosis of LN was 28.4 years (s.d. 11.3). The mean duration of follow-up was 13.7 years (s.d. 14.1). Forty (38%) patients achieved 5 year remission, of whom 17 (16.2%) had remission for ≥15 years. The incidence of flares per year from 5 to 15 years was 7.9%; however, no flares were observed after 15 years of remission. The only distinguishing feature found in this study was the association of WHO class IV on kidney biopsy with LN progression (P = 0.03).

CONCLUSION: Renal histology with WHO class IV predicted a poor long-term remission rate. Age, sex, ethnicity, serological parameters and treatment received did not predict long-term remission. Renal flares can occur up to 15 years after a patient has gone into remission.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.