Arginine promotes fluoride uptake into artificial carious lesions in vitro

X Cheng, P Xu, X Zhou, M Deng, L Cheng, M Li, Y Li, X Xu
Australian Dental Journal 2015, 60 (1): 104-11

BACKGROUND: This study focused on the interaction of arginine and fluoride on the remineralization of artificial enamel carious lesions in vitro.

METHODS: Human enamel blocks with artificial carious lesions were prepared and randomly divided into six treatment groups (n=30 for each group): deionized water, arginine solution, NaF solution, arginine/NaF solution, arginine-free fluoride toothpaste slurry and arginine-containing fluoride toothpaste slurry. After a pH-cycling regimen for 10 days, subsets of specimens from each group were subjected to independent analysis, including surface microhardness (n=8/30), cross-sectional microhardness (n=8/30), enamel fluoride uptake (n=8/30) and polarized light microscopy (n=6/30). The samples tested for surface microhardness were further subjected to simulated plaque acid challenge before surface microhardness was remeasured.

RESULTS: Arginine solution promoted remineralization compared with deionized water control (p<0.05). When used in combination with fluoride, arginine significantly increased fluoride uptake compared with fluoride alone (p<0.05). In addition, lesions treated with arginine-containing toothpaste also showed superior fluoride uptake compared with those treated with conventional fluoride toothpaste (p<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Arginine promoted enamel fluoride uptake when used in combination with fluoride, thereby contributing to resistance of enamel to carious demineralization.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"