Individualized reduction of radiation dose with a chest circumference-adapted technique and iterative reconstructions in 256-slice retrospective and prospective ECG-triggered computed tomography coronary angiography

Jing-Lei Li, Mei-Ping Huang, Xi-Ming Cao, Yan-Hai Cui, Thomas B Ivanc, Chang-Hong Liang
Coronary Artery Disease 2015, 26 (4): 308-16

PURPOSE: To assess the impact of chest circumference (CC)-adjusted tube current and iterative reconstructions (iDose) on individualized radiation dose reduction and image quality (IQ) in ECG-triggered computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 102 patients underwent retrospectively ECG-triggered CTCA utilizing CC-adapted tube current [mAs=1000×(0.051×CC-23.765)/900] and filtered back projection (FBP) reconstruction (group A). On the basis of the CC-adjusted tube current technique, 54 patients (group B) underwent retrospective ECG-triggered CTCA with a 20% mAs reduction compared with group A and 90 patients (group C) underwent prospective ECG-triggered CTCA with an 80% mAs reduction compared with group A; both groups B and C were reconstructed with FBP and iDose. Subjective IQ was assessed, and image noise, signal-to-noise, and contrast-to-noise ratios (SNR and CNR) were quantified.

RESULTS: Patients in group A had the highest radiation dose, followed by group B and group C. iDose provided decreased image noise and increased SNR and CNR, as did subjective IQ. The image noise was higher and SNR and CNR in group B were obviously lower than those in group A with FBP, but in group B, iDose4 increased the mean objective IQ. There was no difference between group B with iDose and group A with FBP, as was the case with subjective IQ.

CONCLUSION: The combination of a CC-adapted technique, prospective triggering, and partial iterative reconstruction techniques reduces the radiation dose significantly, without significant degradation of IQ.

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