Sex-related predictors for thromboembolic events after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation: The Leipzig Heart Center AF Ablation Registry

Jelena Kornej, Jedrzej Kosiuk, Gerhard Hindricks, Arash Arya, Philipp Sommer, Sascha Rolf, Daniela Husser, Gregory Y H Lip, Andreas Bollmann
Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society 2015, 104 (7): 603-10

BACKGROUND: Females with atrial fibrillation (AF) are at increased risk for ischemic stroke but have been under-represented in AF ablation cohorts. Whether the incidence of TE in women after catheter ablation is higher is unknown. We aimed to analyze the predictive value of thromboembolic scores and other clinical variants for thromboembolism (TE) after AF catheter ablation, separately in women and men.

METHODS: TE was combined endpoint of early (within first month) and late (during long-term follow-up) stroke, transient ischemic attack, or systemic embolism. Oral anticoagulation was prescribed for 6 months after catheter ablation and discontinued if CHADS2 was <2 and no AF recurrences were documented.

RESULTS: The study population (n = 2,069, 66 % male, 60 ± 10 years; 62 % paroxysmal AF) was followed for a median of 18 months (IQR 12-29). Overall 31 TE (1.5 %) occurred with 16 events within 30 days of ablation and 15 TE during the follow-up. Fourteen females (2.0 %) and 17 males (1.2 %) suffered TE (p = 0.128). On multivariate analysis, higher CHADS2 (HR 1.65, 95 % CI 1.10-2.47, p = 0.015), CHA2DS2-VASc (HR 1.42, 95 % CI 1.03-1.96, p = 0.034), R2CHADS2 (HR 1.76, 95 % CI 1.32-2.35, p < 0.001) scores, and eGFR <60 ml/min/1.73 m(2) (HR 3.95, 95 % CI 1.23-12.7, p = 0.021) were significantly associated with TE in men. In females, LV-EF (HR 0.95, 95 % CI 0.91-0.99, p = 0.021) and CHA2DS2-VASc score (HR 1.52, 95 % CI 1.01-2.28, p = 0.044) remained significant predictors for TE.

CONCLUSION: TE rates after AF catheter ablation are low in both genders. In females, LV-EF and CHA2DS2-VASc score and in males all three scores and renal dysfunction were associated with TE.

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