Metabolomic and lipidomic study of the protective effect of Chaihuang-Yishen formula on rats with diabetic nephropathy

Tie Zhao, Haojun Zhang, Xianglin Zhang, Tingting Zhao, Hui-Yao Lan, Qionglin Liang, Guoan Luo, Ping Li
Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2015 May 26, 166: 31-41

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Chaihuang-Yishen formula (CHYS) is a Chinese herbal formula that has been shown clinically to effectively treat chronic kidney disease including diabetic nephropathy (DN), also known as diabetic kidney disease. Our previous animal studies showed that numerous intrarenal metabolites were associated with the development of DN. In the present work, an integrated metabolomic and lipidomic analysis was used to further examine whether CHYS could attenuate the development of DN by regulating the disordered metabolic pathways.

METHOD: Progressive diabetic kidney disease was induced in Wistar rats by uninephrectomy and a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozocin. Over 20 weeks, one group of animals was treated with CHYS and another group went untreated. Effects of CHYS on metabolomic and lipidomic changes in the renal cortex of diabetic rats were studied using gas chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry, ultra-performance liquid chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry, and tandem MS-based metabolomic and lipidomic. The well-established drug fosinopril was used as positive control throughout the experiment.

RESULTS: Like fosinopril, treatment with CHYS produced a renoprotective effect against DN. Metabolomic and lipidomic analyses showed that the therapeutic effect of CHYS on DN was significantly associated with inhibition of the elevated organic toxins including several uremic toxins and glucuronides, and normalization of diminished phospholipids, especially sphingomyelins.

CONCLUSION: Improved abnormal metabolic and lipidomic disorders, such as accumulation of uremic toxins and glucuronides and phospholipids, may be mechanisms by which treatment of CHYS inhibits DN. Results from this study provide new evidence for the pharmacologic characteristics of CHYS on DN.


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