JOURNAL ARTICLE

MR Imaging Findings of Paget's Disease of the Spine

H Morales
Clinical Neuroradiology 2015, 25 (3): 225-32
25690837
Paget's disease (PD) is a common bone disorder of the aging population where the spine is the second most common involved location after the pelvis. Though imaging findings are well described on CT and radiographs, recognition on MRI can be challenging. We reviewed 16 cases with radiologic or histologic confirmation of uncomplicated PD of the spine. In most cases, MRI showed a mixed pattern of increased/ decreased T1 signal (fine trabecular or coarse) of the vertebral bodies. There was also associated band-like decreased T1 and T2 signal of the endplates. This correlates with the mixed osteolytic and blastic phase of the disease, the most common phase in the spine. Subtle or conspicuous "picture-frame" appearance may also be identified. Present in most cases, but frequently overlooked manifestation on MRI, was the expansion of the vertebral body and/or posterior elements/ spinous process. We identified a subtle diffuse decreased T1 and T2 bone marrow signal, not corresponding to sclerosis on CT or radiographs, in two cases. We proposed this, as an earliest sign on MRI, likely representing early fibro-vascular bone marrow transformation and to our knowledge not previously described. Less commonly, sclerotic PD was also found which is perhaps the most difficult to evaluate given its broad differential. Most cases of PD of the spine were overlooked or confused with other entities by the radiologists. Interpretation of MR images of the spine in the absence of prior imaging is not uncommon. Thus, recognition of MRI manifestations is important to allow appropriate management, to avoid misinterpretations and in most cases to avoid biopsy.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
25690837
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.