[Intraoperative complications of the lower gastrointestinal tract : Prevention, recognition and therapy]

J-P Ritz
Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen 2015, 86 (4): 319-25
Every surgical intervention is associated with the risk of intraoperative complications. These occur in approximately 2-12% of patients but significantly influence the postoperative outcome, overall complication and mortality rates. This article presents the treatment of typical intraoperative complications during surgery of the lower gastrointestinal tract with a focus on the prevention and identification of risk factors. Especially changes in the regular anatomy caused by previous surgery, inflammation, tumors and emergency situations carry the risk of iatrogenic injuries to the bowels, spleen, ureter and blood vessels. These risk factors must be considered when choosing a surgical procedure, a surgical approach or an appropriate surgeon. The early detection of complications with a definitive restoration is the essential step for a successful treatment without long-term sequelae. Every delay in therapy is associated with an increased morbidity and mortality and should be avoided.

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