JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Long-term follow-up of the platinum chromium TAXUS Element (ION) stent: The PERSEUS Workhorse and Small Vessel trial five-year results

Dean J Kereiakes, Louis A Cannon, Ira Dauber, Michael Ball, Barry Bertolet, Michael Foster, Andrey Y Nersesov, Paul L Underwood, Dominic J Allocco, Keith D Dawkins
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 2015 November 15, 86 (6): 994-1001
25678402

BACKGROUND: The TAXUS Element (ION) platinum chromium paclitaxel-eluting stent (PtCr-PES) incorporates a thin (81 μm) strut design with a similar polymer and drug dose density as prior PES. The pivotal PERSEUS trial program consisted of two studies: PERSEUS Workhorse (WH) and PERSEUS Small Vessel (SV). The PERSEUS WH trial demonstrated the PtCr-PES to be non-inferior to the predicate TAXUS Express PES (TE-PES) for target lesion failure (TLF) at 1 year and in-segment angiographic percent diameter stenosis at 9 months. The PERSEUS SV trial demonstrated the PtCr-PES to be superior to a historical bare metal stent (BMS) for angiographic late lumen loss at 9 months. Long-term (5-year) clinical outcomes following PtCr-PES have not been previously reported.

METHODS: PERSEUS WH was a prospective, Bayesian, 3:1 randomized (PtCr-PES vs. TE-PES) trial in patients with lesion length ≤28 mm and vessel diameter ≥2.75 to ≤4.0 mm. PERSEUS SV was a prospective, single-arm trial in patients with lesion length ≤20 mm and vessel diameter ≥2.25 to <2.75 mm comparing PtCr-PES to a matched historical BMS control.

RESULTS: Among randomized subjects in the PERSEUS WH study, clinical event rates at 5 years were similar between treatment groups, including TLF (12.9% TE-PES vs. 12.1% PtCr-PES; P = 0.66). In the PERSEUS SV study, 5-year rates of MACE, and TLF were significantly lower for PtCr-PES (vs. BMS) following adjustment for baseline characteristics and were primarily due to lower target lesion revascularization rates (27.2% BMS vs. 14.9% PtCr-PES; P = 0.049).

CONCLUSIONS: At 5 years, the PtCr-PES provides efficacy and safety that is comparable to the TE-PES and superior efficacy with similar safety when compared with BMS in smaller caliber vessels. Cumulative stent thrombosis rates remained low and similar through 5 years for both DES platforms.

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