Long-term follow-up of the platinum chromium TAXUS Element (ION) stent: The PERSEUS Workhorse and Small Vessel trial five-year results

Dean J Kereiakes, Louis A Cannon, Ira Dauber, Michael Ball, Barry Bertolet, Michael Foster, Andrey Y Nersesov, Paul L Underwood, Dominic J Allocco, Keith D Dawkins
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 2015 November 15, 86 (6): 994-1001

BACKGROUND: The TAXUS Element (ION) platinum chromium paclitaxel-eluting stent (PtCr-PES) incorporates a thin (81 μm) strut design with a similar polymer and drug dose density as prior PES. The pivotal PERSEUS trial program consisted of two studies: PERSEUS Workhorse (WH) and PERSEUS Small Vessel (SV). The PERSEUS WH trial demonstrated the PtCr-PES to be non-inferior to the predicate TAXUS Express PES (TE-PES) for target lesion failure (TLF) at 1 year and in-segment angiographic percent diameter stenosis at 9 months. The PERSEUS SV trial demonstrated the PtCr-PES to be superior to a historical bare metal stent (BMS) for angiographic late lumen loss at 9 months. Long-term (5-year) clinical outcomes following PtCr-PES have not been previously reported.

METHODS: PERSEUS WH was a prospective, Bayesian, 3:1 randomized (PtCr-PES vs. TE-PES) trial in patients with lesion length ≤28 mm and vessel diameter ≥2.75 to ≤4.0 mm. PERSEUS SV was a prospective, single-arm trial in patients with lesion length ≤20 mm and vessel diameter ≥2.25 to <2.75 mm comparing PtCr-PES to a matched historical BMS control.

RESULTS: Among randomized subjects in the PERSEUS WH study, clinical event rates at 5 years were similar between treatment groups, including TLF (12.9% TE-PES vs. 12.1% PtCr-PES; P = 0.66). In the PERSEUS SV study, 5-year rates of MACE, and TLF were significantly lower for PtCr-PES (vs. BMS) following adjustment for baseline characteristics and were primarily due to lower target lesion revascularization rates (27.2% BMS vs. 14.9% PtCr-PES; P = 0.049).

CONCLUSIONS: At 5 years, the PtCr-PES provides efficacy and safety that is comparable to the TE-PES and superior efficacy with similar safety when compared with BMS in smaller caliber vessels. Cumulative stent thrombosis rates remained low and similar through 5 years for both DES platforms.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.