JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Renoprotective effects of febuxostat in hyperuricemic patients with chronic kidney disease: a parallel-group, randomized, controlled trial

Kenichi Tanaka, Masaaki Nakayama, Makoto Kanno, Hiroshi Kimura, Kimio Watanabe, Yoshihiro Tani, Yoshimitsu Hayashi, Koichi Asahi, Hiroyuki Terawaki, Tsuyoshi Watanabe
Clinical and Experimental Nephrology 2015, 19 (6): 1044-53
25676011

BACKGROUND: Hyperuricemia is associated with the onset of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and renal disease progression. Febuxostat, a novel, non-purine, selective xanthine oxidase inhibitor, has been reported to have a stronger effect on hyperuricemia than conventional therapy with allopurinol. However, few data are available regarding the clinical effect of febuxostat in patients with CKD.

METHODS: A prospective, randomized, open-label, parallel-group trial was conducted in hyperuricemic patients with stage 3 CKD. Patients were randomly assigned to treatment with febuxostat (n = 21) or to continue conventional therapy (n = 19). Treatment was continued for 12 weeks. The efficacy of febuxostat was determined by monitoring serum uric acid (UA) levels, blood pressures, renal function, and urinary protein levels. In addition, urinary liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP), urinary albumin, urinary beta 2 microglobulin (β2MG), and serum high sensitivity C-reactive protein were measured before and 12 weeks after febuxostat was added to the treatment.

RESULTS: Febuxostat resulted in a significantly greater reduction in serum UA (-2.2 mg/dL) than conventional therapy (-0.3 mg/dL, P < 0.001). Serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate changed little during the study period in each group. However, treatment with febuxostat for 12 weeks reduced the urinary levels of L-FABP, albumin, and β2MG, whereas the levels of these markers did not change in the control group.

CONCLUSION: Febuxostat reduced serum UA levels more effectively than conventional therapy and might have a renoprotective effect in hyperuricemic patients with CKD. Further studies should clarify whether febuxostat prevents the progression of renal disease and improves the prognosis of CKD.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
25676011
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"