CASE REPORTS
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Intracranial complications of sinusitis.

Sinusitis is a common problem that is routinely diagnosed and treated by most primary care physicians. Although most cases usually respond to appropriate therapy, some occasionally progress to the development of intracranial complications, including meningitis, osteomyelitis, epidural and subdural empyema, intracranial mucocele or polyps, and frank brain abscess. It is important to develop a rational approach to the diagnosis and treatment of these conditions. A high clinical index of suspicion must always be maintained, since symptoms are often masked by previous antibiotic therapy. Radiologic evaluation must always include computerized tomography (CT) for accurate diagnosis and surgical planning. Therapy includes surgical drainage and high doses of appropriate intravenous antibiotics. Cefuroxime and metronidazole provide excellent broad spectrum antibacterial coverage. Only early recognition and appropriate therapy can reduce the potential morbidity and mortality associated with these life-threatening complications.

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