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[RUCAM scale-based diagnosis, clinical features and prognosis of 140 cases of drug-induced liver injury]

Kunyan Hao, Yuecheng Yu, Changlun He, Maorong Wang, Shouming Wang, Xin Li
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology 2014, 22 (12): 938-41
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OBJECTIVE: To analyze the etiology, clinical features and prognosis of liver injuries caused by different drugs.

METHODS: The types of suspected drugs related to liver injury, clinical manifestations, liver biochemical parameters, clinical outcomes and other associated data were retrospectively assessed for 140 patients with drug-induced liver injury (DILI). The Roussel Uclaf Causality Assessment Method (RUCAM) was used to assess the causality between drugs and liver injury.

RESULTS: The most prevalent agents inducing DILI were Chinese traditional drugs (62.1%), followed by antipyretic analgesic drugs (10%) and antibiotics (5%). The ratio of male to female patients in the study cohort was 1:1.69, with 71 of the total patients (50.7%) being between the ages of 40 and 60 years-old. The RUCAM scale was not less than 3 points for any of the patients.In general, the clinical manifestations and biochemical results were not specific. The percentages of hepatocellular injury type, cholestatic injury type and mixed injury type were 51.4%, 30.7% and 17.9% respectively. The median age of patients with cholestatic liver injury was 55.6 years, which was older than that of patients with hepatocellular injury (47.1 years) or mixed injury (49.9 years).

CONCLUSION: Although antipyretic analgesics and antibiotics are considered as common drugs that can induce DILI, Chinese traditional drugs have emerged as another important group of liver injurious agents. Cholestatic DILI was found to occur more often in elderly patients than in younger patients.

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