Premature changes in trabecular and cortical microarchitecture result in decreased bone strength in hemophilia

Adrienne Lee, Steven K Boyd, Gregory Kline, Man-Chiu Poon
Blood 2015 March 26, 125 (13): 2160-3
Low bone density is a growing concern in aging men with hemophilia and may result in high-morbidity fragility fractures. Using high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT), we demonstrate low trabecular and cortical bone density contributing to lower volumetric bone mineral density (BMD) at both distal radius and tibia in patients with hemophilia compared with age- and sex-matched controls. The low trabecular bone density found in hemophilia is attributed to significantly decreased trabecular number and increased separation; the lower cortical bone density results from thinner cortices, whereas cortical porosity is maintained. Microfinite element analysis from three-dimensional HR-pQCT images demonstrates that these microarchitectural deficits seen in patients with hemophilia translate into significantly lower estimated failure load (biomechanical bone strength) at the distal tibia and radius when compared with controls. In addition, an inverse association of joint score with BMD and failure load suggests the negative role of hemophilic arthropathy in bone density loss.

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