The Effect of Chronic Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Use on Tp-E Interval, Tp-E/Qt Ratio, and Tp-E/Qtc Ratio in Male Bodybuilders

Elnur Alizade, Anıl Avcı, Serdar Fidan, Mustafa Tabakçı, Mustafa Bulut, Regayip Zehir, Zeki Simsek, Mert Evlice, Uğur Arslantaş, Hakan Çakır, Mehmet Yunus Emiroglu, Mustafa Akçakoyun
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology 2015, 20 (6): 592-600

BACKGROUND: The chronic consumption of androgenic anabolic steroids has shown to cause atrial arrhythmias. Several studies have suggested that the interval from the peak to the end of the electrocardiographic T wave (Tp-e) may correspond to the transmural dispersion of repolarization and that increased Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QT ratio are associated with malignant ventricular arrhythmias. The aim of this study was to evaluate repolarization dispersion measured from the 12-lead surface electrocardiogram (including Tp-e interval, Tp-e/QT ratio, and Tp-e/cQT ratio) in bodybuilders who are using anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS).

METHODS: We selected a population of 33 competitive bodybuilders, including 15 actively using AAS for ≥ 2 years (users) and 18 who had never used AAS (nonusers), all men.

RESULTS: QT, cQT, QTd, cQTd, JT, and cJT were significantly increased in AAS users bodybulders compared to the nonusers (all P < 0.001). Tp-e interval, Tp-e/QT ratio, and Tp-e/cQT ratio were also significantly higher in AAS user group compared to the nonuser group (all P < 0.001). QRS duration was not different between the groups. There were negative correlation between E(m) and Tp-e, Tp-e/QT ratio, Tp-e/cQT ration (r = -0.657, P < 0.01; r = -0.607, P = 0.02; r = -0.583, P = 0.02; respectively).There were also negative correlation between S(m) and Tp-e, Tp-e/QT ratio, Tp-e/cQT ration (r = -0.681, P < 0.01; r = -0.549, P = 0.03; r = -0.544, P = 0.023; respectively).

CONCLUSION: In conclusion, we have presented a strong evidence suggesting that Tp-e interval, Tp-e/QT ratio, and Tp-e/QTc ratio were increased in AAS users, which suggest that there might be a link between AAS use and ventricular arrthymias and sudden death.


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