The wonderful world of the windpipe: a review of central airway anatomy and pathology

David A Lawrence, Brittany Branson, Isabel Oliva, Ami Rubinowitz
Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal 2015, 66 (1): 30-43
A variety of pathologic processes can involve the central airways. Abnormalities may either diffusely or focally involve the tracheal or mainstem bronchial walls. Diseases that diffusely involve the tracheal wall can be subclassified as sparing the membranous trachea or circumferentially involving the tracheal wall. Focal diseases of the trachea and mainstem bronchi include benign and malignant causes. Additionally, congenital and acquired morphologic abnormalities of the trachea will be reviewed.

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