miRNA-558 promotes tumorigenesis and aggressiveness of neuroblastoma cells through activating the transcription of heparanase

Hongxia Qu, Liduan Zheng, Jiarui Pu, Hong Mei, Xuan Xiang, Xiang Zhao, Dan Li, Shiwang Li, Ling Mao, Kai Huang, Qiangsong Tong
Human Molecular Genetics 2015 May 1, 24 (9): 2539-51
Heparanase (HPSE) is the endogenous endoglycosidase that degrades heparan sulfate proteoglycans and promotes the tumor growth, invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis. Our previous studies have shown that HPSE is highly expressed in neuroblastoma (NB), the most common extracranial solid tumor in childhood. However, the underlying regulatory mechanisms remain largely unknown. In this study, we identified one binding site of microRNA-558 (miR-558) within the HPSE promoter. In NB tissues and cell lines, miR-558 was up-regulated and positively correlated with HPSE expression. Gain- and loss-of-function studies demonstrated that miR-558 facilitated the transcript and protein levels of HPSE and its downstream gene, vascular endothelial growth factor, in NB cell lines. In addition, miR-558 enhanced the promoter activities of HPSE, and these effects were abolished by the mutation of the miR-558-binding site. Mechanistically, miR-558 induced the enrichment of the active epigenetic marker and RNA polymerase II on the HPSE promoter in NB cells in an Argonaute 1-dependent manner, which was abolished by repressing the miR-558-promoter interaction. Knockdown of endogenous miR-558 decreased the growth, invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis of NB cells in vitro and in vivo. In contrast, over-expression of miR-558 promoted the growth, invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis of SH-SY5Y and SK-N-SH cells. Restoration of HPSE expression prevented the NB cells from changes in these biological features induced by knockdown or over-expression of miR-558. These data indicate that miR-558 induces the transcriptional activation of HPSE via the binding site within promoter, thus facilitating the tumorigenesis and aggressiveness of NB.

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