JOURNAL ARTICLE

Influence of root canal disinfectants on growth factor release from dentin

Kerstin M Galler, Wolfgang Buchalla, Karl-Anton Hiller, Marianne Federlin, Andreas Eidt, Mona Schiefersteiner, Gottfried Schmalz
Journal of Endodontics 2015, 41 (3): 363-8
25595468

INTRODUCTION: During dentinogenesis, growth factors become entrapped in the dentin matrix that can later be released by demineralization. Their effect on pulpal stem cell migration, proliferation, and differentiation could be beneficial for regenerative endodontic therapies. However, precondition for success, as for conventional root canal treatment, will be sufficient disinfection of the root canal system. Various irrigation solutions and intracanal dressings are available for clinical use. The aim of this study was 2-fold: to identify a demineralizing solution suitable for growth factor release directly from dentin and to evaluate whether commonly used disinfectants for endodontic treatment will compromise this effect.

METHODS: Dentin disks were prepared from extracted human teeth and treated with EDTA or citric acid at different concentrations or pH for different exposure periods. The amount of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), fibroblast growth factor 2, and vascular endothelial growth factor were quantified via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and visualized by gold labeling. Subsequently, different irrigation solutions (5.25% sodium hypochloride, 0.12% chlorhexidine digluconate) and intracanal dressings (corticoid-antibiotic paste, calcium hydroxide: water-based and oil-based, triple antibiotic paste, chlorhexidine gel) were tested, and the release of TGF-β1 was measured after a subsequent conditioning step with EDTA.

RESULTS: Conditioning with 10% EDTA at pH 7 rendered the highest amounts of TGF-β1 among all test solutions. Fibroblast growth factor 2 and vascular endothelial growth factor were detected after EDTA conditioning at minute concentrations. Irrigation with chlorhexidine before EDTA conditioning increased TGF-β1 release; sodium hypochloride had the opposite effect. All tested intracanal dressings interfered with TGF-β1 release except water-based calcium hydroxide.

CONCLUSIONS: Growth factors can be released directly from dentin via EDTA conditioning. The use of disinfecting solutions or medicaments can amplify or attenuate this effect.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
25595468
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"