Significant increase in detection of prostate cancer recurrence following radical prostatectomy with an early imaging acquisition protocol with ¹⁸F-fluorocholine positron emission tomography/computed tomography

Giuseppe Simone, Giovanni Battista Di Pierro, Rocco Papalia, Rosa Sciuto, Sandra Rea, Mariaconsiglia Ferriero, Salvatore Guaglianone, Carlo Ludovico Maini, Michele Gallucci
World Journal of Urology 2015, 33 (10): 1511-8

PURPOSE: To highlight a new imaging acquisition protocol during (18)F-fluorocholine PET/CT in patients with biochemical recurrence after RP.

METHODS: A total of 146 patients with PSA levels between 0.2 and 1 ng/ml with negative conventional imaging who did not receive salvage treatment were prospectively enrolled. Imaging acquisition protocol included an early dynamic phase (1-8 min), a conventional whole body (10-20 min), and a late phase (30-40 min). Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) were measured. Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed to identify independent predictors of positive PET/CT.

RESULTS: The median trigger PSA was 0.6 ng/ml (IQR 0.43-0.76). Median PSA doubling time (PSA DT) was 7.91 months (IQR 4.42-11.3); median PSA velocity (PSAV) was 0.02 ng/ml per month (IQR 0.02-0.04). Overall, (18)F-fluorocholine PET/CT was positive in 111 of 146 patients (76 %). Out of 111 positive examinations, 80 (72.1 %) were positive only in the early dynamic phase. Sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy were 78.9, 76.9, 97.2, 26.3, and 78.7 %, respectively. At multivariable logistic regression, trigger PSA ≥ 0.6 ng/ml [odds ratio (OR) 3.13; p = 0.001] and PSAV ≥ 0.04 ng/ml per month (OR 4.95; p = 0.004) were independent predictors of positive PET/CT. The low NPV remains the main limitation of PET/CT in this setting of patients.

CONCLUSIONS: The increased sensitivity, thanks to the early imaging acquisition protocol, makes (18)F-fluorocholine PET/CT an attractive tool to detect prostate cancer recurrences in patients with a PSA level <1 ng/ml.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"