JOURNAL ARTICLE

RKIP promotes cisplatin-induced gastric cancer cell death through NF-κB/Snail pathway

Hongyi Liu, Peng Li, Bing Li, Peng Sun, Jiajin Zhang, Baishi Wang, Baoqing Jia
Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine 2015, 36 (3): 1445-53
25547433
The objectives of this study were to explore the expression profiles of Raf kinase inhibitor protein (RKIP) in human gastric cancer cell line (SGC-7901) and cisplatin-resistant cell line (SGC-7901/DDP) and investigate the role of RKIP in the sensitivity of human gastric cancer cells to cisplatin and its signaling pathways, with an attempt to identify new approaches and strategies for the management of gastric cancer. The human gastric cancer cell line (SGC-7901) and cisplatin-resistant cell line (SGC-7901/DDP) were separately cultured in vitro. The expression profiles of RKIP in these two cell lines were detected by Western blotting. Forty-eight hours after the transfection of RKIP siRNA in SGC-7901 cells, the change of RKIP expression in the cells was detected using Western blotting, and the change of cell viability after the interference of RKIP expression was determined using 3-(4,5)-dimethylthiahiazo (-z-y1)-3,5-di-phenytetrazoliumromide (MTT) method. The effect of the ectopic expression of RKIP on the cisplatin-induced viability of gastric cancer cell was detected using MTT method. The effect of the ectopic expression of RKIP on the cisplatin-induced apoptosis of gastric cancer cell was detected using flow cytometry after having been double stained with Annexin V/PI. The effect of the ectopic expression of RKIP on the NF-κB and Snail expressions in cisplatin-induced gastric cancer cells was detected using Western blotting. As shown by the Western blotting, the expression of RKIP in SGC-7901/DDP cells significantly decreased when compared with that in SGC-7901 cells (P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the expression of RKIP in SGC-7901 cells significantly decreased 48 h after the transfection of RKIP siRNA (P < 0.01). After the SGC-7901 cells were transfected with RKIP siRNA, the cell viability was significantly increased (P < 0.05); after the SGC-7901/DDP cells were transfected with RKIP recombinant plasmid, the cell viability was significantly decreased (P < 0.05). After the RKIP expression was suppressed in the cisplatin-treated SGC-7901 cells, the cell viability significantly increased (P < 0.05), and the amount of apoptotic cells significantly decreased (P < 0.05). In contrast, after the RKIP overexpression in the cisplatin-treated SGC-7901/DDP cells, the cell viability significantly decreased (P < 0.05), and the amount of apoptotic cells significantly increased (P < 0.05). The suppression of RKIP expression in SGC-7901 cells could significantly promote the increase of NF-κB expression (P < 0.05); in contrast, the increased expression of RKIP in SGC-7901/DDP cells significantly inhibited the expression of Snail (P < 0.05). The expression of RKIP is downregulated in cisplatin-resistant cell line (SGC-7901/DDP). The overexpression of RKIP can enhance the sensitivity of human gastric cancer cells to cisplatin, which may be achieved via the NF-κB/Snail signaling pathway.

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