JOURNAL ARTICLE

Anamorelin for patients with cancer cachexia: an integrated analysis of two phase 2, randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind trials

José M Garcia, Ralph V Boccia, Charles D Graham, Ying Yan, Elizabeth Manning Duus, Suzan Allen, John Friend
Lancet Oncology 2015, 16 (1): 108-16
25524795

BACKGROUND: Cancer anorexia-cachexia syndrome is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Anamorelin is an oral ghrelin-receptor agonist with appetite-enhancing and anabolic activity. We assessed the effects of anamorelin on body composition, strength, quality of life, biochemical markers, and safety in patients with cancer anorexia-cachexia.

METHODS: Data were pooled, a priori, from two completed phase 2, multicentre, placebo-controlled, double-blind trials in patients with advanced or incurable cancer and weight loss of 5% or more. Patients were stratified by weight loss severity (5-15%, >15%) and randomly allocated (1:1) with a computer-generated randomisation schedule to anamorelin hydrochloride 50 mg or placebo once-daily for 12 weeks. Primary outcome was lean body mass by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry over the 12 week treatment period in eligible patients who had at least one dose of study drug and post-treatment efficacy assessment. We assessed safety in all patients who received at least one dose of study drug. The trials are registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, numbers NCT00219817 and NCT00267358.

FINDINGS: Between June 29, 2005, and Oct 26, 2006, we enrolled 44 patients in the anamorelin group and 38 patients in the placebo group. 74 patients were eligible for the efficacy analyses. Over 12 weeks, lean body mass increased in 38 patients in the anamorelin group by a least-squares mean of 1.89 kg (95% CI 0.84 to 2.95) compared with a decrease of a least-squares mean of -0.20 kg (-1.23 to 0.83) for 36 patients in the placebo group (difference 2.09 kg [0.94-3.25]; p=0.0006). 42 (95%) of 44 patients treated with anamorelin and 33 (87%) of 38 patients treated with placebo had adverse events. The most common grade 3-4 adverse events (treatment-related or not) in the anamorelin group were fatigue, asthenia, atrial fibrillation, and dyspnoea (two [5%] each); in the placebo group, such events were pneumonia (three [8%]) and anaemia, thrombocytopenia, abdominal pain, anxiety, and dyspnoea (two [5%] each).

INTERPRETATION: Anamorelin treatment for 12 weeks had a favourable clinical response profile in patients with cancer anorexia-cachexia syndrome. These findings support further investigation in this setting.

FUNDING: Helsinn Therapeutics (US), Helsinn Healthcare SA.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
25524795
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"