Regulation of histone demethylase KDM6B by hypoxia-inducible factor-2α

Xiaoqiang Guo, Zhantao Tian, Xuliang Wang, Shuhong Pan, Weiren Huang, Yongqing Shen, Yaoting Gui, Xianglin Duan, Zhiming Cai
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica 2015, 47 (2): 106-13
Lysine (K)-specific demethylase 6B (KDM6B) is a histone H3K27 demethylase, which specifically catalyzes the demethylation of H3 lysine-27 tri/dimethylation (H3K27me3/2). KDM6B can activate gene transcription by promoting transcriptional elongation which is associated with RNA polymerase II and related elongation factors. So KDM6B is important for the regulation of gene expression. Previous studies have indicated that several histone demethylases such as KDM3A, KDM4B, and KDM4C are regulated by hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF). But, the effect of hypoxia on KDM6B is not fully understood. In this study, we found that the expression levels of KDM6B mRNA and protein are modestly up-regulated under hypoxia (1% O2) or mimic hypoxia (desferrioxamine mesylate or CoCl2 treatment) (P<0.05). The result of RNAi shows that the up-regulation of KDM6B is dependent on HIF-2α, but not on HIF-1α. The result of chromatin immunoprecipitation assay indicates that there is a hypoxia response element in KDM6B promoter (-4041 to -4037). The result of Co-IP assay indicates that KDM6B can form complex with HIF-2α or HIF-1α. The knockdown experiment implies that KDM6B is a potential regulator for HIF-2α target genes. These data demonstrate that KDM6B is a new hypoxia response gene regulated by HIF-2α. Our results also show that KDM6B is a potential co-activator of HIF-α, which is important for the activation of hypoxia response genes.

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