Impact of an educational intervention on smoking counseling practice among Nigerian dentists and dental students

Omolara Uti, Oyinkansola Sofola
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2015, 18 (1): 75-9

INTRODUCTION: Oral health professionals are important in smoking cessation and prevention as their role is very crucial given the impact of smoking on oral health. Therefore, dental professionals need adequate education in tobacco use prevention and cessation skills to increase their confidence and be able to help patients to quit smoking. This study was aimed at determining the impact of an educational intervention on the attitudes, willingness, and perceived barriers of a group of Nigerian dental students and dentists to smoking cessation counseling in the dental clinic.

METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire-based study was conducted in September 2007 at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital Idi Araba, Lagos. This was followed by a series of lectures and seminars using the brief intervention strategies for patients willing to quit using the Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, and Arrange of cessation. A repeat study was conducted in January 2009 using the same questionnaire. Post intervention attitudes were significantly improved over pre intervention values for each parameter used in the assessment.

RESULTS: A significantly higher proportion of the respondents were interested in providing cessation services after the intervention (P = 0.00002). Most (83.1%) of the respondents were willing to undergo training with a slight increase in the post intervention group from 80.9% to 86%. All the reported barriers were significantly reduced after the intervention (P = 0.000).

CONCLUSION: This study has shown that educational interventions such as didactic instructions and practical training in tobacco use cessation can help to increase the willingness, confidence, and ability to provide information, during encounters with patients.


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