Open incisional hernia repair with a self-gripping retromuscular Parietex mesh: a retrospective cohort study

J Verhelst, B de Goede, G J Kleinrensink, J Jeekel, J F Lange, K H A van Eeghem
International Journal of Surgery 2015, 13: 184-8

INTRODUCTION: The Rives-Stoppa and component separation technique are considered to be favourable techniques in the treatment of complex incisional hernias. However, mesh-related complications like chronic pain are still a common problem after mesh repair. As a result, a new self-gripping mesh to omit suture fixation has been developed. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and feasibility of the Parietex™ Progrip self-gripping mesh in retromuscular position for the treatment of incisional hernias.

METHODS: Patients with incisional hernia who underwent repair between June 2012 and June 2014, using a self-gripping mesh in retromuscular position, were included in the study. All patients visited the outpatient clinic to identify postoperative complications and early recurrence.

RESULTS: A total of 28 consecutive patients with a median age of 48 years were included in the study. Twenty-two patients (79%) were diagnosed with an incisional hernia, of whom nine (32%) had a recurrence. Six patients (21%) had an incisional hernia combined with another abdominal wall hernia. The median follow-up was 12 weeks (IQR: 8-20 weeks). Twenty-three patients (82%) did not report any pain at their final outpatient clinic visit; two patients (7%) reported mild abdominal pain, and three patients (11%) had moderate abdominal pain. None of the 28 patients developed a recurrence during follow-up.

CONCLUSION: This is the first study concerning the use of a Parietex™ Progrip mesh placed in retromuscular position. The study shows that it is a safe and feasible prosthesis in incisional hernias repair, as short-term recurrence did not occur and adverse events were limited.

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