Sirtuin-6 inhibits cardiac fibroblasts differentiation into myofibroblasts via inactivation of nuclear factor κB signaling

Kunming Tian, Zhiping Liu, Jiaojiao Wang, Suowen Xu, Tianhui You, Peiqing Liu
Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine 2015, 165 (3): 374-86
Differentiation of cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) into myofibroblasts represents a key event in cardiac fibrosis that contributes to pathologic cardiac remodeling. However, regulation of this phenotypic transformation remains elusive. Here, we show that sirtuin-6 (SIRT6), a member of the sirtuin family of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-dependent histone deacetylase, plays a role in the regulation of myofibroblast differentiation. SIRT6 expression was upregulated under pathologic conditions in angiotensin II (Ang II)-stimulated CFs and in myocardium of rat subjected to abdominal aortic constriction surgery. SIRT6 depletion by RNA interference (small interfering RNA [siRNA]) in CFs resulted in increased cell proliferation and extracellular matrix deposition. Further examination of SIRT6-depleted CFs demonstrated significantly higher expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), the classical marker of myofibroblast differentiation, and increased formation of focal adhesions. Notably, SIRT6 depletion further exacerbated Ang II-induced myofibroblast differentiation. Overexpression of SIRT6 restored α-SMA expression in SIRT6-depleted or Ang II-treated CFs. Moreover, SIRT6 depletion induced the DNA binding activity and transcriptional activity of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB). Importantly, using an NF-κB p65 siRNA or pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate, a specific inhibitor of NF-κB activity, reversed the expression of phenotypic markers of myofibroblasts. Our findings unravel a novel role of SIRT6 as a key modulator in the phenotypic conversion of CFs to myofibroblasts.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"