Down-regulated non-coding RNA (lncRNA-ANCR) promotes osteogenic differentiation of periodontal ligament stem cells

Qian Jia, Wenkai Jiang, Longxing Ni
Archives of Oral Biology 2015, 60 (2): 234-41

OBJECTIVE: Our studies aimed to figure out how anti-differentiation noncoding RNA (ANCR) regulates the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs).

DESIGN: In this study, we used lentivirus infection to down-regulate the expression of ANCR in PDLSCs. Then we compared the proliferation of control cells and PDLSC/ANCR-RNAi cells by Cell Counting Kit-8. And the osteogenic differentiation of control cells and PDLSC/ANCR-RNAi cells were evaluated by Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity quantification and Alizarin red staining. WNT inhibitor was used to analyze the relationship between ANCR and canonical WNT signalling pathway. The expression of osteogenic differentiation marker mRNAs, DKK1, GSK3-β and β-catenin were evaluated by qRT-PCR.

RESULTS: The results showed that down-regulated ANCR promoted proliferation of PDLSCs. Down-regulated ANCR also promoted osteogenic differentiation of PDLSCs by up-regulating osteogenic differentiation marker genes. After the inhibition of canonical WNT signalling pathway, the osteogenic differentiation of PDLSC/ANCR-RNAi cells was inhibited too. qRT-PCR results also demonstrated that canonical WNT signalling pathway was activated for ANCR-RNAi on PDLSCs during the procedure of proliferation and osteogenic induction.

CONCLUSIONS: These results indicated that ANCR was a key regulator of the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of PDLSCs, and its regulating effects was associated with the canonical WNT signalling pathway, thus offering a new target for oral stem cell differentiation studies that could also facilitate oral tissue engineering.

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