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The role of the early-life environment in the development of allergic disease

Ganesa Wegienka, Edward Zoratti, Christine Cole Johnson
Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America 2015, 35 (1): 1-17
25459574
A consensus has been reached that the development of allergic disorders is strongly influenced by early life exposures. An overview of several prenatal and early life factors that have been investigated for their associations with development of childhood allergy is presented. Delivery mode, the gut microbiome, vitamin D, folate, breastfeeding, pets, antibiotics, environmental tobacco smoke, and airborne traffic pollutants are discussed. Although many studies suggest an effect, overall, no risk factors clearly increase or reduce the risk of allergic outcomes.

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