JOURNAL ARTICLE

Diagnosis and surgical treatment of dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica. A report of nine cases

C Bosch, C Assi, D Louahem, F Alkar, P Mazeau, C Delfour, F Canavese, O Prodhomme, J Cottalorda
Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR 2014, 100 (8): 941-6
25453924

BACKGROUND: Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica (DEH) is a rare developmental bone disorder with hemimelic involvement of one or more epiphysis. We report on nine new cases and discuss the clinical manifestations, the value of MRI, and the results of complete and early surgical resection of these lesions.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, nine patients with a diagnosis of DEH were evaluated. Age at presentation ranged from 1 year to 12 years. The main complaint at diagnosis was a swelling bony mass. Angular deformities were recorded in two patients. All patients were surgically treated and followed up clinically and by imaging. Eight patients underwent excision only.

RESULTS: The average follow-up was 5.6 years (range, 2-10.5 years). All patients had a good outcome without related symptoms. No epiphysiodesis, angular deformity or recurrence was observed. One patient with femoral lesion involving the distal medial part of the epiphysis developed, four months after surgical excision, a calcification outside the area of total excision. This calcification did not increase in size at two years follow-up. Another patient with lateral involvement of the proximal tibial epiphysis presented a postoperative nervous complication. Spontaneous nervous recovery occurred three months after surgery.

DISCUSSION: MRI was useful to find a potential plane of cleavage between the epiphysis and the pathological tissue. We recommend early removing ossifications when a cleavage plane is identified. Waiting a possible complication or increasing of size does not seem logical. Of course, the treatment will be not the same if no cleavage plane is found on MRI.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
25453924
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.