JOURNAL ARTICLE

A naturalistic study of suicidal adolescents treated with an SSRI: suicidal ideation and behavior during 3-month post-hospitalization period

Neera Ghaziuddin, Christopher Merchant, Richard Dopp, Cheryl King
Asian Journal of Psychiatry 2014, 11: 13-9
25453691

OBJECTIVE: Describe suicidal ideation and suicide related/other emergencies (SRE), among depressed and acutely suicidal adolescents during a 3-month period following psychiatric hospitalization.

METHODS: One hundred twenty adolescents, who were both depressed and suicidal, were receiving an SSRI either alone or in combination with other medications, remained on a consistent medication regimen between baseline and at 3-months and their 3-month outcome data were available. The participants were divided into four medication groups: SSRI antidepressant only (n=71); SSRI plus mood stabilizer (n=17); SSRI plus antipsychotic (n=20); and SSRI plus antipsychotic and mood stabilizer (n=12). Standardized instruments were used.

RESULTS: Mean age=15.5±1.3, Caucasian=80.8%, female=74.2%, mean CDRS-R=61.7±12.1, suicide attempt during month prior to hospitalization=58.6%. During the 3-month post-hospitalization period: (1) there were no suicides, six participants (5%) attempted suicide and 21 (17.5%) experienced an SRE; (2) decline in suicidal ideation and depression severity was noted; (3) SSRI plus an antipsychotic group reported the highest number of SREs; (4) higher baseline hopelessness and aggression scores were associated with greater reduction in suicidal ideation at 3-months.

CONCLUSION: Declines in suicidal ideation, depression severity, and suicide attempts were noted, irrespective of psychotropic-combination received. A higher rate of SREs was associated with receiving an antipsychotic agent in combination with an SSRI. Given naturalistic design of study, cause-effect conclusions cannot be drawn. The lack of an objective measure to identify medication adherence is a study limitation.

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