Impact of case volume on outcome and performance of targeted temperature management in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors

Seung Joon Lee, Kyung Woon Jeung, Byung Kook Lee, Yong Il Min, Kyu Nam Park, Gil Joon Suh, Kyung Su Kim, Gu Hyun Kang
American Journal of Emergency Medicine 2015, 33 (1): 31-6

PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the effect of case volume on targeted temperature management (TTM) performance, incidence of adverse events, and neurologic outcome in comatose out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survivors treated with TTM.

METHODS: We used a Web-based, multicenter registry (Korean Hypothermia Network registry), to which 24 hospitals throughout the Republic of Korea participated to study adult (≥18 years) comatose out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients treated with TTM between 2007 and 2012. The primary outcome was neurologic outcome at hospital discharge. The secondary outcomes were inhospital mortality, TTM performance, and adverse events. We extracted propensity-matched cohorts to control for bias. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to assess independent risk factors for neurologic outcome.

RESULTS: A total of 901 patients were included in this study; 544 (60.4%) survived to hospital discharge, and 248 (27.5%) were discharged with good neurologic outcome. The high-volume hospitals initiated TTM significantly earlier and had lower rates of hyperglycemia, bleeding, hypotension, and rebound hyperthermia. However, neurologic outcome and inhospital mortality were comparable between high-volume (27.7% and 44.6%, respectively) and low-volume hospitals (21.1% and 40.5%) in the propensity-matched cohorts. The adjusted odds ratio for the high-volume hospitals compared with low-volume hospitals was 1.506 (95% confidence interval, 0.875-2.592) for poor neurologic outcome.

CONCLUSIONS: Higher TTM case volume was significantly associated with early initiation of TTM and lower incidence of adverse events. However, case volume had no association with neurologic outcome and inhospital mortality.

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