Alpha lipoic acid induces hepatic fibroblast growth factor 21 expression via up-regulation of CREBH

Kwi-Hyun Bae, Ae-Kyung Min, Jung-Guk Kim, In-Kyu Lee, Keun-Gyu Park
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 2014 December 12, 455 (3): 212-7
Hepatic expression of fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), one of the most promising therapeutic candidates for metabolic syndrome, is induced by multiple factors associated with fasting, including cyclic AMP response element-binding protein H (CREBH). Alpha lipoic acid (ALA), a naturally occurring thiol antioxidant, has been shown to induce metabolic changes that are similar to those induced by FGF21, including weight loss and increased energy expenditure. Here, we investigated the effect of ALA on hepatic FGF21 expression. ALA treatment enhanced CREBH and FGF21 mRNA expression and protein abundance in cultured hepatocytes. ALA increased FGF21 promoter activity by up-regulating CREBH expression and increasing CREBH binding to the FGF21 promoter, indicating that ALA up-regulates FGF21 at the transcriptional level. Moreover, inhibition of endogenous CREBH expression by siRNA attenuated ALA-induced FGF21 expression. Finally, treatment of mice with ALA enhanced fasting-induced up-regulation of CREBH and FGF21 in the liver and inhibited feeding-induced suppression of their expression. Consistently, ALA increased serum FGF21 levels in both fasted and fed mice. Collectively, these results indicate that ALA increases hepatic FGF21 expression via up-regulation of CREBH, identifying ALA as a novel positive regulator of FGF21.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"