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JOURNAL ARTICLE

Role of TRPV1 and ASIC3 in formalin-induced secondary allodynia and hyperalgesia

Vladimir A Martínez-Rojas, Paulino Barragán-Iglesias, Héctor I Rocha-González, Janet Murbartián, Vinicio Granados-Soto
Pharmacological Reports: PR 2014, 66 (6): 964-71
25443722

BACKGROUND: In the present study we determined the role of transient receptor potential V1 channel (TRPV1) and acid-sensing ion channel 3 (ASIC3) in chronic nociception.

METHODS: 1% formalin was used to produce long-lasting secondary allodynia and hyperalgesia in rats. Western blot was used to determine TRPV1 and ASIC3 expression in dorsal root ganglia.

RESULTS: Peripheral ipsilateral, but not contralateral, pre-treatment (-10min) with the TRPV1 receptor antagonists capsazepine (0.03-0.3μM/paw) and A-784168 (0.01-1μM/paw) prevented 1% formalin-induced secondary mechanical allodynia and hyperalgesia in the ipsilateral and contralateral paws. Likewise, peripheral ipsilateral, but not contralateral, pre-treatment with the non-selective and selective ASIC3 blocker benzamil (0.1-10μM/paw) and APETx2 (0.02-2μM/paw), respectively, prevented 1% formalin-induced secondary mechanical allodynia and hyperalgesia in both paws. Peripheral ipsilateral post-treatment (day 6 after formalin injection) with capsazepine (0.03-0.3μM/paw) and A-784168 (0.01-1μM/paw) reversed 1% formalin-induced secondary mechanical allodynia and hyperalgesia in both paws. In addition, peripheral ipsilateral post-treatment with benzamil (0.1-10μM/paw) and APETx2 (0.02-2μM/paw), respectively, reversed 1% formalin-induced secondary mechanical allodynia and hyperalgesia in both paws. TRPV1 and ASIC3 proteins were expressed in dorsal root ganglion in normal conditions, and 1% formalin injection increased expression of both proteins in this location at 1 and 6 days compared to naive rats.

CONCLUSIONS: Data suggest that TRPV1 and ASIC3 participate in the development and maintenance of long-lasting secondary allodynia and hyperalgesia induced by formalin in rats. The use of TRPV1 and ASIC3 antagonists by peripheral administration could prove useful to treat chronic pain.

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