Origin, distribution and toxicological potential of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in surface sediments from the Bushehr coast, the Persian Gulf

Ali Mehdinia, Vahid Aghadadashi, Neda Sheijooni Fumani
Marine Pollution Bulletin 2015 January 15, 90 (1-2): 334-8
To evaluate the hazards of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the Bushehr coastal zones, 12 surface sediments were analyzed. The ∑14PAHs concentrations varied from 371 to 611 ng g(-1) dw. The primary sources of the observed PAHs were pyrolytic processes, demonstrating the dominance of petroleum-related combustion inputs. The ERL/ERM and TEL/PEL values showed that there was a moderate level of toxicity risk for some PAHs. The toxicological significance of the pollutants was assessed using the toxic equivalency factor (TEF) to calculate both the toxic equivalent for dioxins (TEQTCDD) and the TEQ carcinogenic risks. Dibenz(a,h)anthracene exhibited the highest proportion in the TEQs, ranging from 49% to 56% (TEQcarc) and from 29% to 39% (TEQTCDD) regarding the overall toxicity in the sampled sediments. This result suggests that the ambient dibenz(a,h)anthracene concentration represents the risk posed by PAHs in the sediments. Moreover, using a specific sediment criterion demonstrated the bioaccumulation potential of benzo(a)pyrene for humans in the sampled sediments.

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