The utility of cardiac MRI in diagnosis of infective endocarditis: preliminary results

Memduh Dursun, Sabri Yılmaz, Erdem Yılmaz, Ravza Yılmaz, İmran Onur, Hüseyin Oflaz, Aygün Dindar
Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology 2015, 21 (1): 28-33

PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the utility of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the diagnosis of infective endocarditis (IE).

METHODS: Sixteen patients with a preliminary diagnosis of IE (10 women and six men; age range, 4-66 years) were referred for cardiac MRI. MRI sequences were as follows: echo-planar cine true fast imaging with steady-state precession (true-FISP), dark-blood fast spin echo T1-weighted imaging, T2-weighted imaging, dark-blood half-Fourier single shot turbo spin echo (HASTE), and early contrast-enhanced first-pass fast low-angle shot (FLASH). Delayed contrast-enhanced images were obtained using three-dimensional inversion recovery FLASH after 15±5 min. The MRI features were evaluated, including valvular pathologies on cine MRI and contrast enhancement on the walls of the cardiac chambers, major thoracic vasculature, and paravalvular tissue, attributable to endothelial extension of inflammation on contrast-enhanced images.

RESULTS: Fourteen valvular vegetations were detected in eleven patients on cardiac MRI. It was not possible to depict valvular vegetations in five patients. Vegetations were detected on the aortic valve (n=7), mitral valve (n=3), tricuspid and pulmonary valves (n=1). Delayed contrast enhancement attributable to extension of inflammation was observed on the aortic wall and aortic root (n=11), paravalvular tissue (n=4), mitral valve (n=2), walls of the cardiac chambers (n=6), interventricular septum (n=3), and wall of the pulmonary artery and superior mesenteric artery (n=1).

CONCLUSION: Valvular vegetation features of IE can be detected by MRI. Moreover, in the absence of vegetations, detection of delayed enhancement representing endothelial inflammation of the cardiovascular structures can contribute to the diagnosis and treatment planning of IE.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.