JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

The utility of cardiac MRI in diagnosis of infective endocarditis: preliminary results.

PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the utility of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the diagnosis of infective endocarditis (IE).

METHODS: Sixteen patients with a preliminary diagnosis of IE (10 women and six men; age range, 4-66 years) were referred for cardiac MRI. MRI sequences were as follows: echo-planar cine true fast imaging with steady-state precession (true-FISP), dark-blood fast spin echo T1-weighted imaging, T2-weighted imaging, dark-blood half-Fourier single shot turbo spin echo (HASTE), and early contrast-enhanced first-pass fast low-angle shot (FLASH). Delayed contrast-enhanced images were obtained using three-dimensional inversion recovery FLASH after 15±5 min. The MRI features were evaluated, including valvular pathologies on cine MRI and contrast enhancement on the walls of the cardiac chambers, major thoracic vasculature, and paravalvular tissue, attributable to endothelial extension of inflammation on contrast-enhanced images.

RESULTS: Fourteen valvular vegetations were detected in eleven patients on cardiac MRI. It was not possible to depict valvular vegetations in five patients. Vegetations were detected on the aortic valve (n=7), mitral valve (n=3), tricuspid and pulmonary valves (n=1). Delayed contrast enhancement attributable to extension of inflammation was observed on the aortic wall and aortic root (n=11), paravalvular tissue (n=4), mitral valve (n=2), walls of the cardiac chambers (n=6), interventricular septum (n=3), and wall of the pulmonary artery and superior mesenteric artery (n=1).

CONCLUSION: Valvular vegetation features of IE can be detected by MRI. Moreover, in the absence of vegetations, detection of delayed enhancement representing endothelial inflammation of the cardiovascular structures can contribute to the diagnosis and treatment planning of IE.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app