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Functional considerations in aesthetic eyelid surgery.

BACKGROUND: Aesthetic eyelid surgery involves intricate techniques to improve the appearance of the periorbital region. In the presence of preoperative ptosis, lower lid laxity or malposition, prominent eyes, and xerophthalmia (dry eyes), patients are at an increased risk of developing postoperative complications such as scleral show, ectropion, corneal injury, and persistent ptosis.

METHODS: The authors identify patients at increased risk for functional problems after blepharoplasty and describe detailed preoperative evaluation to identify patients who may be at increased risk prior to surgery.

RESULTS: In order to minimize the complications rates associated with blepharoplasty, it is of paramount importance to appreciate and address these functional concerns in the approach to blepharoplasty surgery.

CONCLUSION: After reading this article, the participant should be able to demonstrate a systematic approach to identify high-risk blepharoplasty patients and manage functional issues in both upper and lower blepharoplasty.

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Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

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