JOURNAL ARTICLE

Systematic study of antibonding modes in gold nanorod dimers and trimers

Kyle D Osberg, Nadine Harris, Tuncay Ozel, Jessie C Ku, George C Schatz, Chad A Mirkin
Nano Letters 2014 December 10, 14 (12): 6949-54
25411044
Using on-wire lithography to synthesize well-defined nanorod dimers and trimers, we report a systematic study of the plasmon coupling properties of such materials. By comparing the dimer/trimer structures to discrete nanorods of the same overall length, we demonstrate many similarities between antibonding coupled modes in the dimers/trimers and higher-order resonances in the discrete nanorods. These conclusions are validated with a combination of discrete dipole approximation and finite-difference time-domain calculations and lead to the observation of antibonding modes in symmetric structures by measuring their solution-dispersed extinction spectra. Finally, we probe the effects of asymmetry and gap size on the occurrence of these modes and demonstrate that the delocalized nature of the antibonding modes lead to longer-range coupling compared to the stronger bonding modes.

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