Kidney graft outcome using an anti-Xa therapeutic strategy in an experimental model of severe ischaemia-reperfusion injury

S Tillet, S Giraud, P O Delpech, R Thuillier, V Ameteau, J M Goujon, B Renelier, L Macchi, T Hauet, G Mauco
British Journal of Surgery 2015, 102 (1): 132-42; discussion 142

BACKGROUND: Deceased after cardiac death donors represent an important source of organs to reduce organ shortage in transplantation. However, these organs are subjected to more ischaemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). Reducing IRI by targeting coagulation is studied here in an experimental model.

METHODS: The effect of an anti-Xa compound (fondaparinux) was evaluated using an autotransplanted kidney model in pigs. Kidneys were clamped for 60 min (warm ischaemia) and then preserved for 24 h at 4 °C in University of Wisconsin solution (UW). The anti-Xa compound was injected intravenously before warm ischaemia and used during cold storage, and its effects were compared with those of intravenous injection of unfractionated heparin (UFH) before warm ischaemia and use during cold storage, or use of UW alone during cold storage.

RESULTS: At 3 months after transplantation, anti-Xa treatment improved recovery of renal function and chronic serum creatinine levels compared with UW and UFH (mean(s.e.m.) 89(4), 250(4) and 217(8) µmol/l respectively). The anti-Xa treatment also reduced fibrosis, and decreased tissue expression of markers of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition compared with UW and UFH. Cleaved protease-activated receptor 2 was overexpressed in the UW group compared with the anti-Xa and UFH groups. Leucocyte infiltrates were decreased in the anti-Xa group compared with the UW and UFH groups. Macrophage invasion was also decreased by anticoagulation treatment.

CONCLUSION: Peritransplant anticoagulation therapy was beneficial to graft outcome, in both the acute and chronic phases. Moreover, specific inhibition of coagulation Xa protease further protected kidney grafts, with better recovery and decreased expression of chronic lesion markers. Surgical relevance The increasing use of marginal donors highlights the importance of organ quality in transplantation. Renal ischaemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), which includes a deleterious activation of coagulation, plays a central role in determining graft quality and outcome. Using an established porcine renal autotransplantation preclinical model with high clinical relevance, the benefits of anticoagulation therapy using an antifactor Xa molecule were evaluated. Peritransplantion anticoagulation treatment, specifically with an anti-Xa compound, protected marginal kidney grafts, improving functional recovery and reducing chronic lesions. This study demonstrates the benefits of anticoagulation therapy at the time of organ collection, particularly for marginal organs, encountered in cases of extended criteria and deceased after circulatory death donors. This anticoagulation strategy could be an important addition to current donor and organ management protocols in order to limit IRI and improve outcome.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"