Raman difference spectroscopy: a non-invasive method for identification of oral squamous cell carcinoma

Knipfer Christian, Motz Johanna, Adler Werner, Brunner Kathrin, Gebrekidan Medhaine Tesfay, Hankel Robert, Agaimy Abbas, Will Stefan, Braeuer Andreas, Neukam Friedrich Wilhelm, Stelzle Florian
Biomedical Optics Express 2014 September 1, 5 (9): 3252-65
The feasibility of shifted-excitation Raman difference spectroscopy (SERDS) as a label-free and non-invasive technique for an objective diagnosis of oral cancer (OSCC) was investigated by analyzing 12 ex vivo OSCC samples. 72 mean SERDS spectra from each three physiological tissue points and pathological lesions were correlated with the histo-pathological diagnosis. Principal component analysis (PCA) and linear discriminant analysis (LDA) showed excellent results with an area under the curve of 94.5% and a classification error of 9.7% (sensitivity: 86.1%; specificity: 94.4%). The SERDS Raman spectra of malignant and benignant tissues were discriminable with respect to the spectral features of proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. The presented method is capable of a highly accurate identification of OSCC. These findings suggest a high validity and reproducibility of SERDS combined with PCA and LDA analysis regarding oral cancer tissue.

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