Can exhaled nitric oxide be a surrogate marker of bronchial hyperresponsiveness to adenosine 5'-monophosphate in steroid-naive asthmatic children?

M Arga, A Bakirtas, E Topal, I Turktas
Clinical and Experimental Allergy 2015, 45 (4): 758-66

BACKGROUND: The interrelation between airway inflammation, bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) and atopy remains controversial.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to document whether exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) may be used as a surrogate marker that predicts BHR to adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP) in steroid-naive school children with asthma.

METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of steroid-naive school age children with atopic and non-atopic asthma. All patients whose eNO levels had been measured and who had been challenged with both methacholine (MCH) and AMP were included. Receiver operation characteristic analysis was performed, in both the atopic and the non-atopic groups, to evaluate the ability of eNO to detect the BHR to AMP.

RESULTS: One hundred and sixteen patients, sixty-nine (59.5%) of whom had been atopic, were included in the analysis. In the atopic group, eNO values were significantly higher in patients with BHR to AMP compared to those without BHR to AMP (51.9 ± 16.9 p.p.b. vs. 33.7 ± 16.4 p.p.b.; P < 0.001), whereas in the non-atopic group, the differences were not statistically significant (29.7 ± 16.9 p.p.b. vs. 22.6 ± 8.1 p.p.b.; P = 0.152). In the atopic group, eNO levels (R(2) : 0.401; β: 0.092; 95% CI: 1.19-14.42; OR: 7.12; P = 0.008) were found to be the only independent factor for BHR to AMP, whereas none of the parameters predicted BHR to AMP in the non-atopic group. The best cut-off value of eNO that significantly predicts BHR to AMP was 33.3 p.p.b. in the atopic group (P < 0.001), whereas a significant cut-off value for eNO that predicts BHR to AMP was not determined in the non-atopic group (P = 0.142). An eNO ≤ 17.4 p.p.b. has 100% negative predictive values and 100% sensitivity and 60.47% PPV for prediction of BHR to AMP in the atopic group.

CONCLUSIONS: Exhaled NO may be used to predict BHR to AMP in atopic but not in non-atopic steroid-naïve asthmatic children.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"