Piceatannol inhibits phorbol ester-induced expression of COX-2 and iNOS in HR-1 hairless mouse skin by blocking the activation of NF-κB and AP-1

Lijia Liu, Jianchun Li, Joydeb Kumar Kundu, Young-Joon Surh
Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.] 2014, 63 (12): 1013-21

OBJECTIVES: The present study was aimed at elucidating the molecular mechanisms of anti-inflammatory activity of piceatannol (trans-3,4,3',5'-tetrahydroxystilbene) in mouse skin in vivo.

METHODS: Female HR-1 hairless mice were topically treated with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) with or without piceatannol pretreatment. Epidermal protein expression was assessed by Western blot analysis. The cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression was detected by immunohistochemistry. The DNA binding of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) and activator protein-1 (AP-1) was examined by the electrophoretic mobility gel shift assay. The catalytic activity of IκBα kinase-β (IKKβ) was measured by in vitro kinase assay.

RESULTS: Pretreatment with piceatannol attenuated TPA-induced expression of COX-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in mouse skin. Piceatannol diminished nuclear translocation and the DNA binding of NF-κB through the blockade of phosphorylation and subsequent degradation of IκBα. Piceatannol attenuated the catalytic activity of IKKβ and inhibited the phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases in TPA-treated mouse skin. In addition, piceatannol decreased TPA-induced expression of c-Fos and the DNA binding of AP-1.

CONCLUSION: Piceatannol inhibits TPA-induced COX-2 and iNOS expression by blocking the activation of NF-κB and AP-1 via suppression of the IKKβ activity and phosphorylation of MAP kinases, which provides a mechanistic basis of its anti-inflammatory effects in mouse skin.

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