Risk factors associated with germinal matrix-intraventricular hemorrhage in preterm neonates

Kwang-Ryeol Kim, Sang-Won Jung, Dong-Won Kim
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2014, 56 (4): 334-7

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to identify the risk factors associated with the development of germinal matrix-intraventricular hemorrhage (GM-IVH) and the relationship of the severity of disease and prematurity.

METHODS: A total of 168 premature neonates whose birth weight ≤1500 g or gestational age ≤34 weeks were examined by cranial ultrasound (CUS) for detection of GM-IVH among the babies admitted between January 2011 and December 2012 in our medical center neonatal intensive care unit. The babies were divided into two groups : GM-IVH and non-IVH. Clinical presentations, precipitating factors of the patients and maternal factors were analyzed.

RESULTS: In univariate analysis, gestational age, birth weight, delivery method, presence of premature rupture of membrane (PROM) and level of sodium and glucose were statistically meaningful factors (p<0.05). But only two factors, gestational age and presence of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) were statistically meaningful in multivariate logistic regression (p<0.05). Delivery method [normal vaginal delivery (NVD) to Caeserean section] was borderline significant (p<0.10).

CONCLUSION: Presence of PDA and gestational age were the important risk factors associated with development of GM-IVH.

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