JOURNAL ARTICLE

Nuclear Protein C23 on the Cell Surface Plays an Important Role in Activation of CXCR4 Signaling in Glioblastoma

Congxin Dai, Shunzeng Lv, Ranran Shi, Jing Ding, Xiao Zhong, Huishu Song, Xiaochen Ma, Jianzhen Fan, Bowen Sun, Renzhi Wang, Wenbin Ma
Molecular Neurobiology 2015, 52 (3): 1521-1526
25367885
The chemokine receptor CXCR4 and its ligand stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) plays an important role in tumor progression and are associated with angiogenesis. Meanwhile, the implications of C23 in multiple signaling pathways have been also investigated. However, the effects of C23 on CXCR4 pathway in glioblastoma are not fully characterized. In the present study, C23 and CXCR4 of U87 cell line were inhibited by anti-C23 and anti-CXCR4 antibodies, respectively; and then C23 and CXCR4 siRNAs were used to knock down endogenous C23 and CXCR4, respectively. In addition, MTT assay was also introduced. Our data showed that either anti-C23 or anti-CXCR4 antibodies efficaciously repressed the phosphorylation levels of ERK (p < 0.000) and AKT (p < 0.000) compared with SDF-1 alone and control. As expected, either C23 or CXCR4 siRNAs indeed resulted in C23 and CXCR4 knockdown and further suppressed the expression of p-ERK and p-AKT. Most importantly, immunoprecipitation revealed C23 interacted with CXCR4 once U87 was exposed to SDF-1 treatment. In addition, MTT assay identified that C23 or CXCR4 siRNAs could obviously decreased cell proliferation capacity (p = 0.002). In conclusion, our results suggest that C23 plays a crucial role in activation of SDF-1-induced ERK and PI3K/AKT pathways via interacting with CXCR4. Furthermore, C23 could be recommended as an important element in glioblastoma development and a new target for glioblastoma treatment.

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