JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Abdominal tuberculosis of the gastrointestinal tract: revisited

Uma Debi, Vasudevan Ravisankar, Kaushal Kishor Prasad, Saroj Kant Sinha, Arun Kumar Sharma
World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG 2014 October 28, 20 (40): 14831-40
25356043
Abdominal tuberculosis is an increasingly common disease that poses diagnostic challenge, as the nonspecific features of the disease which may lead to diagnostic delays and development of complications. This condition is regarded as a great mimicker of other abdominal pathology. A high index of suspicion is an important factor in early diagnosis. Abdominal involvement may occur in the gastrointestinal tract, peritoneum, lymphnodes or solid viscera. Various investigative methods have been used to aid in the diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis. Early diagnosis and initiation of antituberculous therapy and surgical treatment are essential to prevent morbidity and mortality. Most of the patients respond very well to standard antitubercular therapy and surgery is required only in a minority of cases. Imaging plays an important role in diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis because early recognition of this condition is important. We reviewed our experience with the findings on various imaging modalities for diagnosis of this potentially treatable disease.

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