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Neuronal MHC-I expression and its implications in synaptic function, axonal regeneration and Parkinson's and other brain diseases

Carolina Cebrián, John D Loike, David Sulzer
Frontiers in Neuroanatomy 2014, 8: 114
25352786
Neuronal expression of major histocompatibility complex I (MHC-I) has been implicated in developmental synaptic plasticity and axonal regeneration in the central nervous system (CNS), but recent findings demonstrate that constitutive neuronal MHC-I can also be involved in neurodegenerative diseases by playing a neuroinflammtory role. Recent reports demonstrate its expression in vitro and in human postmortem samples and support a role in neurodegeneration involving proinflammatory cytokines, activated microglia and increased cytosolic oxidative stress. Major histocompatibility complex I may be important for both normal development and pathogenesis of some CNS diseases including Parkinson's.

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