JOURNAL ARTICLE

Anastomotic leakage is associated with impaired overall and disease-free survival after curative rectal cancer resection: a propensity score analysis

Yakup Kulu, Ignazio Tarantio, Rene Warschkow, Sandra Kny, Martin Schneider, Bruno M Schmied, Markus W Büchler, Alexis Ulrich
Annals of Surgical Oncology 2015, 22 (6): 2059-67
25348782

BACKGROUND: Whether anastomotic leakage (AL) has a negative impact on survival remains a matter of debate. This study aimed to assess the impact of AL on the overall and disease-free survival of patients undergoing curative resection of stages 1-3 rectal cancer using propensity-scoring methods.

METHODS: In a single-center study, 570 patients undergoing curative resection of stages 1-3 rectal cancer between January 2002 and December 2011 were assessed. The mean follow-up period was 4.7 ± 2.9 years. Patients who did and did not experience AL were compared using Cox regression and propensity score analyses.

RESULTS: Overall, 51 patients (8.9 %) experienced an AL. The characteristics of the patients were highly biased concerning AL (propensity score, 0.16 ± 0.12 vs. 0.09 ± 0.07; P < 0.001). Anastomotic leakage was uniformly associated with a significantly increased risk of mortality in unadjusted analysis [hazard ratio (HR) 2.30; 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.40-3.76; P = 0.003], multivariable Cox regression (HR 2.27; 95 % CI 1.33-3.88; P = 0.005), and propensity score-adjusted Cox regression (HR 2.07; 95 % CI 1.21-3.55; P = 0.014). Similarly, disease-free survival was significantly impaired in patients who experienced AL according to unadjusted analysis (HR 1.88; 95 % CI 1.19-2.95; P = 0.011), multivariable Cox regression (HR 1.90; 95 % CI 1.17-3.09; P = 0.014), and propensity score-adjusted Cox regression (HR 2.31; 95 % CI 1.40-3.80; P = 0.002).

CONCLUSIONS: This is the first propensity score-based analysis providing evidence that oncologic outcome may be impaired after curative rectal cancer resection in patients with AL.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
25348782
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"