JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Prognostic value of angiographic lesion complexity in patients with acute coronary syndromes undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (from the acute catheterization and urgent intervention triage strategy trial)

Kenji Goto, Alexandra J Lansky, Vivian G Ng, Cody Pietras, Erol Nargileci, Roxana Mehran, Helen Parise, Frederick Feit, E Magnus Ohman, Harvey D White, Michel E Bertrand, Walter Desmet, Martial Hamon, Gregg W Stone
American Journal of Cardiology 2014 December 1, 114 (11): 1638-45
25312637
Although lesion complexity is predictive of outcomes after balloon angioplasty, it is unclear whether complex lesions continue to portend a worse prognosis in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with contemporary interventional therapies. We sought to assess the impact of angiographic lesion complexity, defined by the modified American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association classification, on clinical outcomes after PCI in patients with ACS and to determine whether an interaction exists between lesion complexity and antithrombin regimen outcomes after PCI. Among the 3,661 patients who underwent PCI in the Acute Catheterization and Urgent Intervention Triage strategy study, patients with type C lesions (n = 1,654 [45%]) had higher 30-day rates of mortality (1.2% vs 0.6%, p = 0.049), myocardial infarction (9.2% vs 6.3%, p = 0.0006), and unplanned revascularization (4.3% vs 3.1%, p = 0.04) compared with those without type C lesions. In multivariate analysis, type C lesions were independently associated with myocardial infarction (odds ratio [95% confidence interval] = 1.37 [1.04 to 1.80], p = 0.02) and composite ischemia (odds ratio [95% confidence interval] = 1.49 [1.17 to 1.88], p = 0.001) at 30 days. Bivalirudin monotherapy compared with heparin plus a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor reduced major bleeding complications with similar rates of composite ischemic events, regardless of the presence of type C lesions. There were no interactions between antithrombotic regimens and lesion complexity in terms of composite ischemia and major bleeding (p [interaction] = 0.91 and 0.80, respectively). In conclusion, patients with ACS with type C lesion characteristics undergoing PCI have an adverse short-term prognosis. Treatment with bivalirudin monotherapy reduces major hemorrhagic complications irrespective of lesion complexity with comparable suppression of adverse ischemic events as heparin plus glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
25312637
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"