OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Patient and surgical factors associated with postoperative urinary retention after lumbar spine surgery

Sapan D Gandhi, Shyam A Patel, Mitchell Maltenfort, David Greg Anderson, Alexander R Vaccaro, Todd J Albert, Jeffrey A Rihn
Spine 2014 October 15, 39 (22): 1905-9
25299169

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series.

OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to (1) determine the rate of postoperative urinary retention (POUR) in a series of patients undergoing lumbar spine surgery, (2) compare length of hospital stay between patients who developed POUR and patients who did not, and (3) identify the patient and surgical factors associated with the development of POUR.

SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although POUR is a common complication in many surgical subspecialties, sparse literature is present regarding development of POUR after posterior lumbar surgical procedures.

METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of all posterior lumbar surgery cases performed at single institute from July 2008 to July 2012. Data collected included demographic variables (age, sex, body mass index), length of stay, comorbid medical conditions, and surgical data. The Wilcoxon rank sum test with continuity correction was used to compare length of hospital stay between patients who developed POUR and patients who did not. A multivariate logistic regression model was created using all patient and surgical factors and systematically pruned of variables not improving overall predictive power.

RESULTS: A total of 647 patients (291 decompression, 356 decompression and fusion) were included in the study. Of 647 patients, 36 had urinary retention after lumbar spine surgery (5.6%). Patients who developed POUR had a longer length of stay than patients who did not develop POUR (3.94 d vs. 2.34 d; P=0.005). Male sex, benign prostatic hyperplasia, age, diabetes, and depression were significantly associated with development of POUR (odds ratio=3.05, 9.82, 1.04, 3.32, and 2.51, respectively). Smoking was inversely associated with the development of POUR (odds ratio=0.45).

CONCLUSION: The risk of developing POUR after posterior lumbar spine surgery is approximately 5%. Male sex, benign prostatic hyperplasia, age, diabetes, and depression were significantly associated with the POUR group. Patients who developed POUR had a greater length of hospital stay.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
25299169
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"