Whole-body low-dose computed tomography and advanced imaging techniques for multiple myeloma bone disease

Matthew J Pianko, Evangelos Terpos, G David Roodman, Chaitanya R Divgi, Sonja Zweegman, Jens Hillengass, Suzanne Lentzsch
Clinical Cancer Research 2014 December 1, 20 (23): 5888-97
Detection of lytic bone lesions is crucial in the workup for multiple myeloma and very often dictates the decision to start treatment. Conventional radiography, despite decades of use, is often insufficient for detection of bone disease in multiple myeloma. Modern imaging techniques such as MRI, PET, and CT offer superior detection of myeloma bone disease and extramedullary manifestations of plasma cell dyscrasias. Novel whole-body low-dose computed tomography (WBLDCT) protocols allow for collection of superior image detail of the skeleton at doses of radiation similar to those used for conventional planar radiography. Several studies have shown that WBLDCT has a superior detection rate for lytic bone lesions compared with whole-body X-ray (WBXR), potentially leading to restaging and changes in therapy. MRI and PET provide imaging data important for assessing disease activity and prognostication. Because of several advantages over WBXR, WBLDCT is already the standard imaging technique for use in patients with multiple myeloma in many European institutions. However, the radiographic skeletal survey or WBXR is still the initial study of choice used to screen for myeloma bone disease in many institutions. In this review, we aim to explore the changing landscape of imaging for myeloma bone disease through use of modern imaging techniques.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"