JOURNAL ARTICLE

Two soluble isoforms of receptors for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) in carotid atherosclerosis: the difference of soluble and endogenous secretory RAGE

Saori Moriya, Masako Yamazaki, Hirohiko Murakami, Kenji Maruyama, Shinichiro Uchiyama
Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association 2014, 23 (10): 2540-6
25282185

BACKGROUND: Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) promote atherosclerosis through binding to their receptor, RAGE. Since soluble RAGE (sRAGE) and endogenous secretory RAGE (esRAGE) may suppress AGEs-RAGE signaling, we examined the usefulness of sRAGE and esRAGE as biomarkers of early-stage atherosclerosis.

METHODS: Serum sRAGE and esRAGE levels were measured in 284 subjects with no history of atherothrombotic diseases. The subjects were divided into high-sRAGE and low-sRAGE groups and high-esRAGE and low-esRAGE groups based on respective median values. We investigated the relationships between these parameters and the following factors: number of metabolic components, maximum intima-media thickness of the common carotid artery (IMT Cmax), carotid plaque calcification, and asymptomatic cerebral white matter lesions.

RESULTS: The low-sRAGE and low-esRAGE groups exhibited significantly more components of metabolic syndrome than the high-sRAGE and high-esRAGE groups, respectively. IMT Cmax was significantly higher in the low-sRAGE and low-esRAGE groups. Low-sRAGE levels were significantly associated with carotid plaque calcification. Multiple linear regression analysis identified body mass index (BMI), age, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein as determinants of sRAGE, whereas only BMI was identified as a determinant of esRAGE.

CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that sRAGE and esRAGE are associated with atherosclerotic risk factors in early-stage atherosclerosis, suggesting that their levels evolve in correlation with those of metabolic components and inflammation. Interestingly, low-sRAGE and esRAGE levels are associated with high IMT Cmax, but only low-sRAGE levels were associated with carotid plaque calcification. Thus, sRAGE and esRAGE may reflect different aspects of atherosclerosis in its early stage.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
25282185
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"