OPEN IN READ APP
COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Non-invasive cardiac output monitoring in preterm infants undergoing patent ductus arteriosus ligation: a comparison with echocardiography

Dany E Weisz, Amish Jain, Joseph Ting, Patrick J McNamara, Afif El-Khuffash
Neonatology 2014, 106 (4): 330-6
25278031

BACKGROUND: Non-invasive cardiac output monitoring (NICOM; NICOM™) may be useful in the management of extremely premature preterm infants.

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate a new bioreactance-based method of continuous NICOM in preterm infants following patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation.

METHODS: Infants underwent three paired NICOM and echocardiography assessments of stroke volume (SV) and left ventricular output (LVO) in the postoperative period: at 1, 6-8, and 16-18 h postoperatively. NICOM- and echocardiography-measured SV and LVO during those periods were compared using Bland-Altman analysis and the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC).

RESULTS: Twenty-five infants with a median (interquartile range) gestational age and birth weight of 25.0 weeks (24.5-25.9) and 700 g (615-775), respectively, were included. The overall systematic bias (limits of agreement) across all time points between the NICOM and echocardiography SV readings was 39% (8-69) with NICOM consistently underestimating echocardiography values. There was moderate consistency between NICOM and echocardiography SV values (ICC 0.78, p < 0.001). Compared with the 1-hour scans, the 6- to 8- and 16- to 18-hour scans had increased biases of 7.9% (95% CI 2.5-13.2) and 9.7% (95% CI 3.6-15.8), respectively.

CONCLUSION: Continuous LVO measurement using NICOM was feasible and demonstrated a consistent systematic bias compared with echocardiography in unstable extremely preterm infants without a PDA ligation. NICOM may be used as a trending tool for continuous monitoring in this population, but wide limits of agreement and increasing bias over time suggest it is not interchangeable with echocardiography. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
25278031
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"